Klonopin addiction is very common among people who use the drug either for medical or recreational purposes.
Klonopin is the brand name for clonazepam within the United States of America. It is a drug that is used extensively in medicine as the first line of treatment for acute seizures due to its anticonvulsant properties. It is also used as an amnesic, antioxylitic and to reverse the effects of amphetamine overdose.
However, it is not recommended for long-term treatments. This is because patients who use it over a long period develop dependency on the drug, which results in a Klonopin addiction.
Klonopin addiction is most common among students in high school who come from high or middle-income families. This is aided by the fact that their parents have reasonably decent health insurance and they can therefore procure this drug. They are also able to buy Klonopin in the streets without prescriptions from drug peddlers where it is popularly called K-pin.
These students engage in the abuse of drugs out of pressure from their peers who make them feel that they have to do so if they are to gain acceptance. They easily turn to Klonopin as it is much harder to detect than alcohol, but yet, it causes similar effects of drunkenness. They eventually develop Klonopin addiction after some time of continuously abusing this particular drug.
Another group that is affected by Klonopin addiction is the elderly members of the society. These people are in constant need for sedatives and pain medication in order to control illnesses such as arthritis, which are age related. Although the drug is administered to them only for the purpose of treatment, Klonopin has a high tendency to form dependency among the people that use it; therefore, these elderly people end up with a Klonopin addiction where they are not in control of its consumption, but are compulsive users.
There are several visible signs of Klonopin addiction that are exhibited by most addicts. First, the addicts are always trying to consume more than the prescribed dosage of the drug and within shorter intervals than required. In order to be able to increase their supply of the drug they may visit several different physicians to obtain many prescriptions for the same drug. They may also try to forge their own prescriptions for Klonopin.
Klonopin withdrawal symptoms such as panic attacks, irritability, anxiety, tremors and insomnia set in when the consumption of the drug is suddenly stopped. Sometimes protracted withdrawal following brain damage by Klonopin may also occur. The symptoms of this protracted withdrawal may be very severe or even fatal and include cramps, irritable bowel, muscle pain and tension, and cognitive difficulties like hallucinations and short-term memory loss.
Klonopin addiction may be treated by trained healthcare workers using a combination of drug detoxification and behavioral therapy. Drug detoxification may in some cases involve the administration of alternative medication in order to counter the withdrawal effects.
Behavioral therapy entails examination of the underlying factors behind the abuse and addiction, coupled with extensive training on how to overcome the temptation to continue using the drug. It involves various activities like group counseling and group games.